Etiquetes

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Bernat López, investigador de Comress y profesor de la Universitat
Rovira i Virgili, pone al descubierto la falta de fundamentación
empírica de la repetidísma historia periodística sobre los peligros
mortales del consumo de  EPO (Eritropoietina) para la mejora del
rendimiento deportivo. “La invención de una ‘droga de destrucción
masiva’: decostruyendo el mito de la EPO”, artículo publicado en
inglés en el número de marzo de la revista Sport in History, revela la
superficialidad y la falta de rigor con que una parte de la profesión
médica y casi toda la profesión periodística han construido un
auténtico mito a partir de suposiciones no comprobadas, un mito
perfectamente funcional para los objetivos de la campaña antidopaje.

“In the wake of previous contributions by scholars like Verner Møller and Paul
Dimeo, which have demonstrated the mythical nature of the accounts
concerning two famous ‘doping deaths’ (the cyclists Arthur Linton and Knud
Enemark Jensen), this article thoroughly examines the existing evidence
(both anecdotal and scientific) concerning the much repeated claim that
EPO ‘killed’ 18 Dutch and Belgian cyclists in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
This examination shows that these claims almost absolutely lack empirical
evidence, and that in fact the existing truly experimental and epidemiological
research downplays or even rules out the existence of a casual link
between EPO intake and sudden death in healthy adults. It is therefore
concluded that EPO has been constructed by the expert literature and the lay
press as the ‘drug of mass destruction’ of the war on drugs in sport, and that
the story about the ‘EPO deaths’ is to be seen as anti-doping propaganda.”

López, Bernat . “The Invention of a ‘Drug of Mass Destruction’: Deconstructing the EPO Myth”. Sport in   History. Vol. 31, No. 1, March 2011, pp. 84-109.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17460263.2011.555208

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